Apostolic Preterist

The resurrection

The resurrection

    The Preterist interpretation of the First & second death & The Resurrection

      By Thracia Gharst

My Pastor told me that you need to teach someone from the very beginning (when trying to teach them eschatology) because that is where the very first misinterpretation of scripture takes place. He gave me good advise because the very first Biblical error that is taught (That effects the resurrection teaching ) is that Adam and Eve could live physically forever until they ate of the Tree of the knowledge of good and evil. The best way to know whether someone is in Biblical error is if scripture doesn’t back what they are teaching. No where in the Bible does it say Adam and Eve could live forever. They were created human flesh and bone and everyone sooner or later physically dies. Adam and Eve were created with souls. The Bible says they communed with God in the garden. We can clearly see from this scripture that they had a relationship with him. Now let me prove that Adam and Eve died spiritually and not physically when they ate from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Satan told Eve "in the day that ye eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil ye shall not die, but be as Gods knowing right from wrong." This is the opposite of what God told them. They didn't physically die in that day. Satan was either right and they didn't die physically in the day that they ate from the forbidden tree? Or God was right and it was a different type of death, a spiritual one. Adam and Eve were judged in every other way in that day other than physical death. Why would God not judge them and give them physical death in that day, but judge them in every other way in that day.

    .My proof-


    When they ate from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil they were judged that day by God.

    1.The serpent is cursed above all cattle and above every beasts of the field (in that day)- Genesis 3:14

    2. He put enmity between the woman and between and Satan and between his seed and her seed and said that her seed would bruise his heel (in that day) -Genesis 3:15

    3.Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee (in that day) - Genesis 3:16

    4. God said to Adam- Because he listened to the voice of his wife, and has eaten of the tree, of which he commanded him saying, thou shall not eat of it: Cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow thou shall eat of it. Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shall eat the heard of the field. In the sweat of thy face shall thou eat bread till (until) thou return unto the ground, for out of it was thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shall thou return(in that day) - Genesis 3:17-19.

    5. Adam and Eve were judged and kicked out of the garden the very day they ate from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (in that day). Why would God punish Adam. Eve and Satan in that day yet not cause them to die literally that very day if it was a literal death that did take place?

The words "die" or "death" as used in the Bible may refer to either physical death or spiritual death. The meaning must be carefully determined by the context. In the Garden of Eden God promised to Adam and Eve in connection with the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, that "in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die" (Gen. 2:17). Adam lived to be 930 years old physically, but his disobedience resulted in his spiritual death that very day, just as God had promised. To maintain that Adam "began to die physically" at the time of the Fall is to miss the point that the Genesis record is teaching. If the correct interpretation was physical death, then Satan was right and God was wrong! So spiritual death (or separation from God) resulted directly from the Fall; it had nothing to do with physical death! Physical death was a natural consequence of being a created being. All forms of physical life sooner or later die physically and this is not related in any way to the Fall."The last enemy that will be destroyed is death"(past tense now) (I Cor. 15:26) – spiritual death, not physical death. Physical death was not an enemy. For the believer in Christ, physical death is the vehicle that God normally employs to translate a person from this earthly life into the heavenly realm; from the imperfect and incomplete into the perfect (I Cor. 13:9-10, 12) which is heaven itself. Spiritual death, which is the wages of sin (Rom. 6:23), is the last enemy which Jesus Christ has defeated through His ultimate sacrifice on the Cross, and finished at His second coming about AD 70, as death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire (Rev. 20:14).??This last reference in Revelation is not talking about physical death either; all creatures continue to die physically at God’s appointed time.

    Since this Death is designated by number as the "Second" (physical) Death, that demands that there must be a "First" Death.

    So what is the "First" Death?

    As written above we can see that the first death was spiritual. We can also see that Jesus had to come in the form of man to undo what Adam and Eve had brought on humanity. Jesus had to die on a tree and he became a curse for us to break the curse from Adam.

    "How shall we, that are DEAD to sin live any longer therein?" Rom 6:2

    "Likewise consider yourselves to be DEAD indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord." Rom 6:11

    "And you He has made alive, who were DEAD in trespasses and sins." Eph 2:1

    "He loved us even when we were DEAD in sins...".. Eph 2:5

    "And you, being DEAD in your sins...He has made alive together with Him." Col 2:13

    "...that we being DEAD to sins, should live unto righteousness..." 1 Peter 2:24

    "They that are Christ's have crucified the flesh..." Gal 5:24

    "The body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness." Rom 8:10

    From these scriptures above we can see that because of Jesus' sacrifice his people were able to be spiritually made alive from the spiritual dead. How did they do this? They repented from breaking the law which brought sin and had those sins washed away when they were baptized in Jesus name. The bible says they were baptized unto his death, so that their flesh would die spiritually with him and be resurrected a new creature or creation. That new creation was being sin free People try to use the below scripture to say first came the natural and then the spiritual, but the below scripture is talking about first people are born naturally into sin and then when they are saved they are born again spiritually.

    "There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body...Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterwards that which is spiritual."
    1 Cor 15:44,46

    "That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit." John 3:3,6

    Rom 6:2-11

    vs 2 How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?

    vs 3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?

    vs 4 Therefore we are buried with Him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.

    vs 5 For if we have been united together in the likeness of His death, we shall be also in the likeness of His resurrection.

    vs 6 Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with Him, that the body of sin might be destroyed (rendered inoperative) , that henceforth we should not serve (be slaves of) sin.

    vs For he that is dead is freed (or justified) from sin.

    vs 8 Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him.

    vs 9 Knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over Him. (Note: Death has no more dominion over someone who has died and been resurrected a new creature).

    vs 10 For in that He died, He died unto sin once for all, but in that He liveth, He liveth unto God.

    vs 11 Likewise consider ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God in Christ Jesus our Lord.

    This death spoken of in ALL these texts is clearly a Spiritual Death, NOT a literal physical death.

    In John 3:1-12,

    "There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews:

    The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from God; for no man can do these miracles that you do, except God be with him.

    Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a man be born again, (spiritual birth) he cannot see the kingdom of God.

    Nicodemus said unto Him, How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter the SECOND time into his mother's womb, and be born?

    Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. ("Second" birth is Spiritual)

    That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.

    Marvel not that I said unto you, You must be born again...(Second birth)

    Nicodemus answered and said unto Him, How can these things be?

    Jesus answered and said unto him, Are you a MASTER of Israel, and you don't know these things?..." (You mean even the most respected religious leaders of the day didn't understand this truth?)

    Jesus is pointing out to Nicodemus that the FIRST BIRTH is PHYSICAL, but the SECOND BIRTH (being "born again") is SPIRITUAL!





This means that there are only 2 deaths 1 spiritual death and 2 physical death. Adam was created physical, but died spiritually.

    Now, go back and re-read the texts on the previous pages and you will clearly see that the "Second Death" is the process of "DYING TO SIN" - "BURYING THE OLD MAN OF SIN", a Spiritual Death and NOT a physical death! A "DEATH" that results in the formation of a "NEW CREATURE in CHRIST!"

    Now let's analyze the "Second" Death spoken of in Revelation.

    Rev 2:11 He that overcometh shall not be hurt by the Second Death. (physical) he that overcomes has already 'DIED" the Second Death - death to sin! Therefore, it cannot hurt him.) The Christions were buried in baptisim & died Spiritully to their flesh.

    Rev 20:5,6 The righteous "live and reign with Christ a thousand years. (The rest of the dead do not live until the thousand years should be finished.) This is the first resurrection. The 1st resurrection was salvation a Spirtual resurrectiln from being spiritully dead . 1000 yrs. not literal. The only other resurrection the bible speaks of is the last day resurrection of the dead and that was those who were physically dead from Adam until the last person who died before Christ came in 70 A.D. The last day resurrection was when Jesus resurrected the spirit/souls of all those who were physically dead waiting to be resurrected.

    Happy and holy is he who has a part in the first (former) resurrection (salvation) ! Over these the Second Death ( physical) has no power (jurisdiction).

    The Christians were buried into Christ baptism & their sins were washed away.That is why the 2nd death could not hold them.They knew that even though their bodies would someday die physcially.That their souls would keep on living.So technically they would never die.

    Rev 20:13-15 And the sea (people) gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell (hades = the unseen), delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works (even though they were physically dead it was their soul/spirits that were judged) there was never a physical bodily resurrection, because Gods kingdom is not of this world.

    And (after the judgment) death and hell (hades = the unseen) were cast into the lake of fire. This is the Second Death. (Note: It is impossible to throw "death" and the "unseen" into a literal lake of fire!)
    I believe The Lake was fire was the fire of Jerusalem burning 70 AD and was spiritual. In other words he was doing away with both for believers. They would no longer die spiritually or go to a waiting place (hell.) Their physical bodies might be buried, but their soul/ spirit would no longer stay there.
    And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.

    Rev 21:8 But the cowardly and unbelieving and the abominable and murders, and sexually immoral and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death (physical death)

    I believe this happened symbolically in fire of Jerusalem in 70 AD. I also believe that all the souls from Adam to the last Jew that was killed were resurrected and judged under the law since they didnt want to stop practicing the law. I believe the Christians Jew and Gentile that had been saved were spiritually resurrected and when their physical bodies died their soul went on to be with the Lord and that's what happens to us Christians when our physical bodies die we don't actually die, we continue living with Christ.

    The Bible says first comes the natural and then the spirtual and oh how true it is! The natural Adam came first and died spiritually and caused the curse. Then Jesus the 2nd Adam came and undid the curse the 1st Adam caused. Then those who were spiritually dead could now be made spiritually alive in Christ Jesus.


    There is a First Birth (physical) and a Second Birth (spiritual - being BORN AGAIN!).

    There is a First Death (spiritual) and a Second Death (physical) - which results in a "New creature in Christ."

    The Resurrection from the Dead

    Grateful Acknowledgments to David B. Curtis


          Question: "But what about all the scriptures that speak of God delivering us from death?"

          Answer: It usually is not speaking about a future physical death, but a present spiritual separation from God (spiritual death).

            Psalms 56:13, "For thou hast delivered my soul from death: wilt not thou deliver my feet from falling, that I may walk before God in the light of the living?"

          Notice this speaks in past tense: "hast delivered my soul from death," not future tense, "shall deliver my soul from death." He is no longer spiritually dead. As further evidence, notice this passage asks God to keep his feel from falling so he could walk before Him, which is the same as asking God to keep him from sinning. There would be no need to ask God this if he was on the brink of death.

            Psalms 86:13, "For great is thy mercy toward me: and thou hast delivered my soul from the lowest hell."

          Notice this speaks, also, in past tense: "hast delivered," not future tense, "shall deliver." In other words, he is no longer spiritually dead.

            Psalms 31:5, "Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O LORD God of truth."

          Most people, when speaking of committing one's spirit, is speaking of someone who's either dead or dying. However, this passage is not spoken while on the brink of death. The psalmist commits his whole body, soul, and spirit, and mind to the Lord, so he can live a godly life while in the flesh.

          What the psalmist saw as God's providential care in present danger, some interpret as being resurrected from physical death. What the psalmist knew was God's ultimate caring and power to bring spiritual life from spiritual death, some interpret to mean physical life from physical death.

          Question: "But what when scripture speaks about resurrecting us out of our graves?"

          Answer: Again, it is referring to spiritual death. Ezekiel 37 is an example of this: This does appear, at first glance to teach a physcal resurrection. Let's read this chapter in context. Even the language of Ezekiel 37:1-10 seems to denote a physical resurrection, by saying, "...can these bones live?...Thus saith the Lord GOD unto these bones; Behold, I will cause breath to enter into you, and ye shall live...and will bring up flesh upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and ye shall live...and the bones came together, bone to his bone...and the flesh came up upon them, and the skin covered them above...and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet."

          Ezekiel 37:12-14

            "Therefore prophesy and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, O my people, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, and bring you into the land of Israel. And ye shall know that I am the LORD, when I have opened your graves, O my people, and brought you up out of your graves, And shall put my spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall ye know that I the LORD have spoken it, and performed it, saith the LORD."


          However, verse 11 explains that this is only symbolic language, and not to be taken literally:

            Ezekiel 37:11, "Then he said unto me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off for our parts."

          • If this scripture about the dry bones is used as a metaphor for Israel as a whole, then you have to consider that the rest of it is also a metaphor and not to be taken literal.

          • It makes more since that the resurrection was not a literal resurrection but was to take place when the Jews received the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost.

          • The graves most likely was a metaphor for being spiritually resurrected from a spiritually dead state as in the fallen man.

          • Notice that after they are filled with the spirit he says that he will place them in their own land.

          ( I would like to add that it uses the words Breath 3 times in red above and spirit. In theNow, the following passage does seem to teach a physical resurrection, let's examine it: Now, the following passage does seem to teach a physical resurrection, let's examine it: beginning God breathed the breath of life into Adam. Which I believe was spiritual life. When Adam died spiritually when he ate from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil he lost his breath or spiritual relationship. When Jesus was ascending into heaven, the bible says he breathed into his disciples. They received this breath on the day of Pentecost when the wind of God filled the house and they were filled with his holy spirit)



            ,When it speaks of coming out of the graves it is talking about coming out of the spiritually dead state that Israel was in. He put his spirit in them on the day of Pentecost.


            This is when the Jews were also given their own land. It was a spiritual land a heavenly land/city that was the new Jerusalem city The New Jerusalem was the land promised in Hosea and Ezekiel. It was symbolic of the Jew and Gentile church. Please read my article titled NJ for more on the New Jerusalem.

          Hosea 13:14,
          "I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes."


          Preterist Interpretation Of 1st Corinthians 15:51-56
          by Thracia Gharst.

          "Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,

          (In this verse it is saying that not all of them would sleep (die) and await a resurrection, but some of them would be alive during and after Christ coming and those would be changed.

          52??In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

          (This is saying that after the trumps sounds those who were physically dead would have their souls-spirts be raised incorruptible and those who were still alive physically would be changed, so that their souls would never stay in the grave, but go from this body to a celestial one and go from earth to heaven when their physical bodies perished)

          53??For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.

          Corruptible were the ones physically dead that were putting on in corruption and those mortal who were physically alive who were given immortality.

          54??So when this corruptible (Those who were physically dead) shall have put on incorruption (Immortality) and this mortal (Those physically alive) shall have put on immortality Everlasting life) then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death (spiritual death) is swallowed up in victory55??O (spiritual) death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory for those who had physically died & were waiting for the last day resurrection of their (spirts-souls) 56??The sting of (spiritual) death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law"

          It all goes back to the garden of Eden. Sin caused Adam and Eve to die spiritually.

          If Adam and Eve hadn't eaten of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil they would have sometime in the future physically died, but not spiritually. They would have continued living in heaven. It isn't death when you're spirit/soul doesn't die, but goes from this body to a celestial body. When they spiritually died by eating of the forbidden tree their spirit died and that caused them to stay in the ground. Even Jesus called death "sleep." That is because he knew it wasn't permeate. He knew he would die for sin and break the curse of spiritual death causing their spirits to be resurrected into heaven with him. He didn't look at what humans called death as death, but sleep which was temporary.

          Mark 5:39-43

          39And when he was come in, he saith unto them, Why make ye this ado, and weep? the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth. 40And they laughed him to scorn. But when he had put them all out, he taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entereth in where the damsel was lying. 41And he took the damsel by the hand, and said unto her, Talitha cumi; which is, being interpreted, Damsel, I say unto thee, arise. 42And straightway the damsel arose, and walked; for she was of the age of twelve years. And they were astonished with a great astonishment. 43And he charged them straightly that no man should know it; and commanded that something should be given her to eat.

          John 11:11-14

          11These things said he: and after that he saith unto them, Our friend Lazarus sleepeth; but I go, that I may awake him out of sleep. 12Then said his disciples, Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well. 13Howbeit Jesus spake of his death: but they thought that he had spoken of taking of rest in sleep. 14Then said Jesus unto them plainly, Lazarus is dead.

          The reason Jesus physically resurrected himself was because he had to go to the grave and take back the keys from death, hell and the grave, so that no longer did his people have to stay in the ground. Now they could go to the other side. That is why the bible has so many scriptures about his people and in being resurrected into him. That was the first resurrection which was salvation. There was only one resurrection of the dead and that took place at the last day. Where everyone was resurrected. There were very few that came up from the grave when Jesus did, but it was not considered a resurrection. It was considered a wave offering. It represented a spiritual wave offering that under the old testament was when they would take a handful of wheat and wave it before the Lord as a form of worship. Praising him for the large harvest that was about to come soon.

          "How shall we, that are (spiritually)
          DEAD to sin(flesh) live any longer therein?" Rom 6:2

          "Likewise consider yourselves to be
          DEAD indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord." Rom 6:11

          "And you He has made alive(spiritually),
          who were DEAD (spiritually) in trespasses and sins." Eph 2:1

          "He loved us even when we were
          DEAD in sins...".. Eph 2:5

          "And you,
          being DEAD in your sins...He has made alive together with Him." Col 2:13

          "...that we being
          DEAD to sins, should live unto righteousness..." Peter 2:24
           Adam was made in the spiritual image of God, but  once he fell it called for Jesus who was in the exact spiritual image of God the second Adam to come and undo what the first Adam had done. Adam caused the fall by eating from the forbidden tree and that is why Jesus had to come and die on a tree becoming a curse for us to break the curse. Eve the wife of Adam was taken out of his side and the church, the bride of Jesus was taken from the side of Jesus when he was speared and water came out of his side mixed with blood. This is because sinners when buried in the water and blood came up his people (church.)


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